About Employment in United Kingdom

Working Hours

An employee can’t work more than 48 hours a week on average – normally averaged over 17 weeks. This law is sometimes called the ‘working time directive’ or ‘working time regulations’. If the employee is below 18, they can’t work for more than 8 hours a day or 40 hours a week.

Holiday Entitlement

All full-time workers are legally entitled to 5.6 weeks’ paid holiday a year i.e. at least 28 days’ paid annual leave a year for a 5-day week. Part-time workers are entitled to at least 5.6 weeks’ paid holiday, but this will amount to fewer than 28 days depending on the number of working days.

Maternity Leave

Female employees are entitled to 52 weeks of maternity leave (Statutory Maternity Leave), with first 39 as paid and remaining as unpaid. The benefit can be availed by women for a period extending up to a maximum eight weeks before the expected delivery date and remaining can be availed after childbirth.

Termination/Severance

The notice period depends at least the notice stated in your contract or the statutory minimum notice period, whichever is longer. Employer must provide valid reason that can be justified and must be consistent.

Pension

Most workers in the UK are automatically enrolled into a workplace pension scheme by their employer. From the date they are automatically enrolled they have a month to ‘opt-out’. If they do nothing they’ll be enrolled in the scheme. Employees and employers have to make contributions based on specified percentages, to their retirement pot from their pay for as long as they’re employed.

Employer Contributions

By statute, employers in UK contribute the following:
• ER NI – Employer National Insurance
• EPS – Employee Pension Scheme depending on the scheme that the employee is enrolled.

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